Ahaaina/Biennial | Hoʻihoʻi hou i ka Hoʻohālikelike

Hōʻike ʻo Varvara Keidan Shavrova i nā hana ma Rencontres d'Arles a me Arthur Jafa ma LUMA.

Arthur Jafa, Huila Nui II, 2018, Ex-Slave Gordon 1863, 2017, Untitled, in 'Live Evil', La Mécanique Générale, Parc des Ateliers; kiʻi ʻia e Andrea Rossetti, mahalo ʻia e ka mea pena a me LUMA Arles. Arthur Jafa, Huila Nui II, 2018, Ex-Slave Gordon 1863, 2017, Untitled, in 'Live Evil', La Mécanique Générale, Parc des Ateliers; kiʻi ʻia e Andrea Rossetti, mahalo ʻia e ka mea pena a me LUMA Arles.

"ʻO nā kiʻi paʻi kiʻi, nā mea paʻi kiʻi a me nā mea hana kiʻi e hoʻohana nei i ka ʻenehana i laila e hoʻomanaʻo iā mākou i nā mea a mākou e makemake ʻole e lohe a ʻike ʻole." - ʻO Christoph Wiesner, Luna Hoʻokele o ka Rencontres d'Arles.

Ke hele nei au ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao o ke alanui lepo lepo ma waho o Arles, kahi kapikala Roma kahiko o Provence, Farani, a me ka home o ka 53rd edition o Rencontres d'Arles - he ʻahaʻaina makahiki no ke kiʻi a me nā kiʻi kiʻi kiʻi kiʻi e huki ai i nā tausani o nā malihini. i kēlā me kēia makahiki, i ʻike ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā kahua i mahalo nui ʻia no nā kiʻi kiʻi kiʻi o kēia wā (rencontres-arles.com). Ke piʻi nei ka wela o ke awakea ma luna o ka asphalt, aloha ʻole i nā kapuaʻi o koʻu kāmaʻa, koʻu kino a me koʻu ʻuhane, e hoʻoheheʻe ana i nā ʻāpana ʻekolu i loko o kahi hui o ka lepo a me ka hou. 

I ka manawa mua, he mea huhū loa ke koho ʻana i kēia kūlanakauhale panalāʻau liʻiliʻi ma ka hema o Farani i kahua kahi e hōʻike ʻia ai nā ʻano hou o nā kiʻi kiʻi a me nā kiʻi kiʻi lens i ka lehulehu. ʻO wai ka makemake nui i alakaʻi i kēia koho o kahi wahi - a ʻoi aku ka ʻē aʻe - no ke aha ia e hoʻohauʻoli nui ai iaʻu a koke koke, e paipai ana iaʻu e hoʻomau i kaʻu huakaʻi me ka ʻole? Hoʻokaʻawale i ka hoʻoilina hale mōʻaukala o ke kūlanakauhale, nā wahi hōʻikeʻike mai ka hale hōʻikeʻike Roma i hoʻopau ʻia a me nā hale pule kahiko nani akā ʻaʻole i hoʻohana ʻia a hiki i nā kumu kiʻi ʻoniʻoni a me nā hale hōʻikeʻike o kēia wā, me nā hale hale hana ʻino a me nā kahua hale hana i haʻalele ʻia i ka makahiki ʻumikumamāiwa. 

ʻIke wau iaʻu iho i loko o ka pōʻeleʻeleʻeleʻele, i hoʻopili ʻia i nā ʻike a me nā leo o Ola ino (2022), kahi hoʻokomo piha e pili ana i nā hana hou a me nā hana hou a ka mea pena kiʻi ʻAmelika ʻAmelika, ʻo Arthur Jafa. ʻAʻole maoli kēia hoʻonohonoho ʻana i nā papahana Rencontres d'Arles akā ua hui pū ʻia me ka ʻahaʻaina, ua hana ʻia e Jafa kūikawā no nā keʻena hōʻikeʻike nui ʻelua ma LUMA Arles, aia ma nā keʻena post-industrial o La Mécanique Générale a me La Grande Halle (luma.org).

ʻO ka ʻokoʻa ʻehaʻeha i ʻike ʻia e ka mea nānā, i ka wā e neʻe ai mai ka wela a me ke kukui o waho a hiki i ke ākea ākea o La Grande Halle, he hopena i makemake nui ʻia e Jafa e manaʻo ai mākou me kēlā me kēia fiber o ko mākou kino naʻau, e komo pū ana. i ka manawa like ko mākou lohe, ʻike, honi a pā. ʻO ka hoʻonohonoho multimedia i hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia he noʻonoʻo Anthropocenic e pili ana i ke ʻano o ke kanaka, i hōʻike ʻia ma o nā ʻano hiʻohiʻona a me nā kani kani e hōʻike ana i ka ʻeleʻele i nā ʻano ikaika he nui. Noʻu, ua loaʻa ka hopena ikaika loa ma AGHDRA (2021), kahi hana kikohoʻe holoʻokoʻa i hana i kahi thesis kūʻokoʻa: ʻo ka nalowale hiki ʻole a me ka ʻeha hiki ʻole ke hoʻomaopopo ʻia i ka hopena o ka civilization e like me kā mākou i ʻike ai. Hōʻike ʻia ka hana ma ke ʻano he 85 mau minuke ka lōʻihi o ka neʻe mau ʻana o ke kai o nā pōhaku ʻeleʻele, e hana ana i nā nalu e hoʻoikaika a hoʻi i ke kukui ʻulaʻula weliweli o ka napoʻo ʻana o ka lā. 

ʻIke ʻia nā ʻano like ʻole i ka noʻonoʻo, ʻoiai e ʻike ana iā Jafa ʻO Gesamtkunstwerk, pili i nā kaʻina hana paʻi kiʻi, e hilinaʻi ana i ka hui ʻana o nā pūʻali kūʻē, pili pū me ka mālamalama a me ka pōʻeleʻele, ʻeleʻele a keʻokeʻo. Hāʻawi maikaʻi ʻo Jafa iā mākou i ka ʻike o ka ʻeleʻele ma ke ʻano he hōʻike i ka ʻili ʻana o colonial a me ka hoʻohana moʻomeheu o ka lehulehu ʻeleʻele. Hōʻike ʻia kēia ma ke ʻano he hōʻailona ikaika o ka hopena o ke ʻano, i hōʻike ʻia e like me nā pōhaku ʻeleʻele, puhi ʻia, ʻaʻa ʻole ʻia, ʻokoʻa i nā manaʻo mōʻaukala o ka momona, nui, hāʻawi mau i ka Honua - ka honua e like me kā mākou i ʻike ai, akā ua ʻike ʻia kēlā. hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka pōʻino nui ma muli o ka pōʻino ʻino i hana ʻia e ke kanaka. 

Aia ma Parc des Atelier, i kēia manawa he ʻāpana o ka LUMA Foundation o nā wahi hōʻikeʻike, 'A Feminist Avant-Garde: Photographs and Performances of the 1970s from the Verbund Collection, Vienna', hāʻawi i kahi manaʻo ʻokoʻa loa i ke kiʻi ma ke ʻano he palapala, e hōʻike ana i ka waihona. mea e hoʻopaʻa i ka hana ma ke ʻano he kūʻē (verbund.com). Hoʻohālikelike kūpono i kāna hōʻike ʻana a hoʻopaʻa pono ʻia i nā ʻōlelo o ka ʻike, ʻo kēia hōʻikeʻike huakaʻi honua e hōʻike ana i nā oeuvres e pili ana i ka lens o nā kiʻi koʻikoʻi o ke kiʻi wahine. Hoʻopili ia i ka manawa ma waena o 1968-1980, i ka wā i hui pū ai nā kūʻē wahine a me nā hana i ke kaua no ka pono o nā wahine, me ka wiwo ʻole e kūʻē i ka mana kāne ma o ka hōʻike ʻana i ka heroism i ke alo o ka sexism a me ka hoʻoluhi hewa. 

Aia i loko o ka hōʻiliʻili ma luna o 200 mau hana a 71 wahine kiʻi, me ka ʻike ʻana ma Rencontres d'Arles e hōʻike ana i nā hana a nā mea hoʻoikaika wahine kiʻi, nā mea paʻi kiʻi, a me nā mea pena hana e like me ORLAN, Lynda Benglis, Karin Mack, VALIE EXPORT, Cindy Sherman, Ana Mendieta, ʻO Howardena Pindell, a me Francesca Woodman, i ka inoa wale nō. Ua hoʻopio ʻia koʻu nānā ʻana e nā hana kupanaha he nui a nā mea pena kiʻi wahine wiwo ʻole, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou ʻo koʻu mau hoa, e noho ana a e hana nei a puni ka honua i kēia lā. Aia kēia me ka mea pena Scottish, ʻo Elaine Shemilt, ka mea i noho a hana ma Northern Ireland i ka wā The Troubles, kahi āna i hana ai a kākau i kāna mau hana kiʻi multimedia. I kēia lā, he ʻoihana ʻokoʻa a nani hoʻi ʻo Shemilt ma ke ʻano he kula (he polopeka ʻo ia no ka hana paʻi ʻana ma ke Kulanui o Dundee), he mea paʻi kiʻi, mea paʻi kiʻi, a me ka mea hoʻoikaika kino (elaineshemilt.co.uk). He ʻeono mau kiʻi ʻeleʻele a keʻokeʻo na Shemilt (mai ka makahiki 1976) e hōʻike ana i ka mea pena e kū ana i ka pā pōhaku lepo, olohelohe, a paʻa. Ua kaha ʻia kona poʻo, nā lima lima a me nā wāwae ma ka paia e hōʻike i ke ʻano o kona kino, me ka hoʻomanaʻo ʻana i nā kiʻi penikala i huki ʻia e nā mākaʻi ma nā hiʻohiʻona hewa. Ma kekahi o nā kiʻi, e paʻa ana ʻo Shemilt i kahi ʻāpana aniani, e nānā ana i loko o ia mea, me he mea lā ma ka pale e hoʻohana ʻia i ka pale. 

ʻO nā hoʻopaʻa ʻana o nā hana ola, nā ʻano kiʻi he nui, a me nā hana wikiō he nui a nā mea pena wahine i hōʻike ʻia ma ka hōʻiliʻili Verbund he mea maʻalahi loa i ke ʻano o kā lākou hoʻokokoke ʻana, akā ua hui pū ʻia i ko lākou manaʻo paʻa e noʻonoʻo i kahi hoʻokaumaha e hōʻike ʻia ana iā ia iho i ka ʻO ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻana i nā wahine ma ke ʻano nui, a me nā mea pena kiʻi wahine, i loko o nā hana fetishised o nā akua wahine home, nā ipu hānau keiki, nā meaʻai pau ʻole no ka nānā kāne a me ka ʻai ʻana o ka kapitalista. Ma ke kuhikuhi ʻana i ka hoʻomāinoino ʻana i nā wahine, nā mea hana kiʻi i loko o ka hōʻikeʻike, hōʻike pinepine lākou iā lākou iho he ʻūlū, paʻa ʻia, hoʻopaʻa ʻia, hoʻopaʻa ʻia, nāwaliwali, a ʻōlohelohe. Hoʻokomo pinepine ʻia lākou i loko o nā wahi e like me ka hale paʻahao a me nā wahi claustrophobic, i hoʻomalu ʻia e nā hale paʻa a hoʻopaʻa ʻia me nā pā pōhaku. 

He mea koʻikoʻi ko kēia hōʻikeʻike noʻu, no ka mea, ʻo ka hana ma ka hōʻiliʻili Verbund e uhi ana i ka manawa mai 1968, ka makahiki i hānau ʻia ai au. ʻO kēia hoʻi ka makahiki i hiki ai ke kaua ʻAmelika ma Vietnam i kona pogee; a i ka wā i hoʻouka kaua ai nā pūʻali Soviet a noho i Czechoslovakia, pēlā e hōʻike ai i ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka mana i loko o ka pōʻaiapili o ke Kaua anu. Ke hoʻomau nei nā hana i hōʻike ʻia ma ka hōʻiliʻili a hiki i ka makahiki 1980, kahi makahiki i ʻike ai i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana o ka Soviet Army iā Afghanistan, a me ka piʻi o ka piʻi ʻana o ka hakakā ma waena o ʻAmelika a me ka Communist Block. Hoʻopili kēia mau hanana mōʻaukala me nā hakakā kaua ikaika a mākou e ʻike nei i ka wehe ʻana i mua o ko mākou mau maka i kēia lā, me nā pōʻino o ke kaiapuni, ka ʻai ʻai, a me ka piʻi mau ʻana o nā manaʻo ʻākau loa, e hoʻopuka hou ana i ka hewa hānau, i ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻihoʻi i ka. koʻikoʻi a koʻikoʻi nā kuleana kanaka o nā wāhine ma luna o ko lākou kino.  

Ua ʻike mua au i ka Rencontres d'Arles Photography Festival i ka makahiki 2010, ma kahi wahi he mau tausani mile ka mamao mai ka Hema o Farani, ma Caochangdi PhotoSpring, Arles ma Beijing. Ua hoʻomaka ʻia kēia ʻahaʻaina kaikuahine ma o nā hui curatorial ma waena o Bérénice Angremy of Thinking Hands, a me RongRong a me inri - he duo kiʻi kiʻi Sino-Iapana nāna i hoʻokumu i ka Three Shadows Photography Art Center, i hoʻolālā ʻia e Ai Weiwei, a aia ma kahi kokoke i ka 798 Art District ma ka ʻākau. o Pekina. ʻElua makahiki ma hope mai, ua kipa au i ka Rencontres d'Arles maoli no ka manawa mua, a i ka makahiki 2013 ua hoʻi i ka Three Shadows Photography Arts Center e komo i ka 'The New Irish Landscape', ka hōʻike mua o nā kiʻi kiʻi Irish hou ma Beijing, curated. na Tanya Kiang (nā mea mālama hōʻikeʻike o ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike Kiʻi ʻIlelani) i loaʻa nā kiʻi paʻi a Anthony Haughey, David Farrell a me Patrick Hogan. 

Hoʻomaka mua ʻia i ka makahiki 1970, ma lalo o ke poʻo inoa ʻo 'Rencontres Photographiques' e ka mea paʻi kiʻi ʻo Lucien Clergue, curator ʻo Jean-Maurice Rouquette, a me ka mea kākau ʻo Michel Tournier, ʻo Rencontres d'Arles kahi ʻahaʻaina kūloko o ke kūlanakauhale a puni ka honua. ʻIke ʻia a hele pinepine ʻia e ka poʻe loea kiʻi a me ka poʻe amateurs like, ʻo ka ʻaha makahiki ka manaʻo e hōʻike i nā ʻano hou a me nā au e kahe ana i loko o ke kiʻi a me nā kiʻi kiʻi lens, ʻoiai e hōʻike ana i nā kiʻi paʻi kiʻi o kēia manawa i loko o ka pōʻaiapili o kona mōʻaukala. 

"I ka hoʻomaka mua ʻana ka nui o ka ʻahaʻaina i ka palapala kiʻi kiʻi Magnum, ʻaʻole i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa kiʻi koʻikoʻi," wahi a Kiang, nāna i alakaʻi i nā loiloi portfolio he nui a koho i nā mea pena kiʻi ʻōpio no ka makana makahiki Rencontres d'Arles Discovery. Ua hoʻohui ʻo ia ua neʻe nui ka manaʻo o ka ʻahaʻaina a me kāna papahana i nā makahiki he 30 i hala iho nei, me ka neʻe mau ʻana mai kahi ʻahaʻaina Farani maʻamau - kahi i ʻike pinepine ʻia ai ke kiʻi ʻana he kumu e hōʻike ai i nā kiʻi hoʻohana, misogynistic a me nā kiʻi wahine, lawe ʻia. e nā kāne - e hoʻoponopono i nā kumumanaʻo a me nā manaʻo i ʻike ʻia i loko o ka haʻiʻōlelo ākea ākea o ka ʻoihana o kēia wā. 

Ma kēlā manaʻo, he phenomenally post-feminist ka paʻi o kēia makahiki ma kāna mau kumumanaʻo, nā mea hoʻopuka a me nā memo. A ʻaʻole like me nā hanana koʻikoʻi ʻē aʻe i ka kalena kiʻi honua - no ka laʻana, ka Venice Biennale, Art Basel a i ʻole Frieze art fairs, me kā lākou hōʻailona honua a me nā pono kalepa - ʻo Rencontres d'Arles kahi hanana hou, kū hoʻokahi e hāʻawi i kahi moʻolelo. format, ma kahi ma waena o kahi hoʻolauleʻa kiʻiʻoniʻoni a me kahi hoʻolaha kūlanakauhale kūloko. I nā makahiki he 50 i hala iho nei, ʻo Robert Doisneau, William Eggleston, Frank Horvat, Mary Ellen Mark, Frank Capa a me Robert Mapplethorpe nā mea pena kiʻi i hōʻike ʻia ma ka ʻahaʻaina. I ka pili ʻana o nā kiʻi kiʻi me nā kiʻi o kēia wā, ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā hōʻikeʻike o nā mea pena kiʻi me David Hockney, Robert Rauschenberg, Sophie Calle, a me Taryn Simon ma Arles, me nā curators malihini i kono ʻia i ka ʻahaʻaina mai 2004, me Martin Parr, Raymond Depardon. , a me Nan Goldin, i waena o kekahi.

He mea pena kiʻi ʻo Varvara Keidan Shavrova, kahu, mea hoʻonaʻauao a mea noiʻi. ʻo ia i kēia manawa he moho PhD ma ke Kula Nui o Art. Hānau ʻia ma USSR, noho ʻo ia a hana ma waena o Lākana, Dublin, a me Berlin. E hōʻike ʻo Shavrova i kāna noiʻi ma ka IMMA ʻaha kūkā noiʻi honua, '100 Years of Self Determination' (10-12 Nowemapa).  

varvarashavrova.com